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Southern Heritage <br>News and Views: January 2020

Saturday, January 25, 2020


Every year in January, all across the South and to some extent in Western and Northern states and in Europe and other countries, the birthdays, lives and accomplishments of Confederate generals Robert Edward Lee and Thomas Jonathan “Stonewall” Jackson are celebrated. In Georgia the annual statewide birthday celebration for Lee was held on January 18th at Jefferson Davis State Park at Irwinville Georgia.
Lee Was Born January 19th 1807 and Jackson on January 21st 1824 . Both became legendary Confederate Generals. Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson are regarded by military historians as two of America's greatest military leaders and greatest battlefield duo. If Jackson had survived the battle of Chancellorsville , it is possible that the South would have prevailed at Gettysburg and won the War for Southern Independence aka Civil War.
Lee and Jackson were two of the finest Christian gentlemen America has ever produced. Both their character and their conduct were beyond reproach. Unlike his Northern counterpart, Ulysses S. Grant, General Lee never sanctioned or condoned Slavery. and according to historians Jackson treated the few slaves he owned like family. In addition, unlike Abraham Lincoln and U.S. Grant, there is no record of either Lee or Jackson ever speaking disparagingly of the black race. Furthermore, it is well established that Jackson regularly conducted a Sunday School class for black children. This was a ministry he took very seriously. As a result he was dearly loved and appreciated by the children and their parents. Both Jackson and Lee supported the abolition of slavery. In fact, Lee called slavery “a moral and political evil.” He also said “the best men in the South” opposed it and welcomed its demise. Jackson said he wished to see “the shackles struck from every slave”. 
Lee had to make a decision to either defend the Union or the Constitution. He made the correct decision to defend the Constitution. He knew that Lincoln ’s decision to invade the South was unconstitutional, criminal, and immoral. There were 10 causes of Southern secession. States Rights was one of the primary issues in combination with an unfair sectional tariff that forced the South to pay 75-85 % of the cost of operating the Federal Government.
Instead of allowing a politically correct culture to sully the memory of Lee and Jackson, all Americans should hold them in a place of highest honor and respect. Anything less is a disservice to history and disgrace to the principals of truth and integrity. What a shame that so many of America ’s youth are being robbed of knowing and studying the virtue and integrity of these great Generals. On August 9th 1960 U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower stated his often expressed admiration for General Lee. He stated that Americans need to understand that at the time of the War Between the States the issue of the legality of secession had remained unresolved for more than 70 years. General Lee was in his estimation, one of the supremely gifted men produced by our Nation. Eisenhower said from deep conviction “a nation of men of Lee’s caliber would be unconquerable in spirit and soul. Indeed, to the degree that present-day American youth will strive to emulate his rare qualities, including his devotion to this land as revealed in his painstaking efforts to help heal the nation’s wounds once the bitter struggle was over, we in our own time of danger in a divided world, will be strengthened and our love of freedom sustained.”

James W. King
SCV Camp 141 Commander
Albany Georgia

Monday, January 20, 2020

Former Confederate soldiers after the Civil War

With the Left’s current effort to rid America of all its associations with the Confederacy and the removal of memorial monuments and statues, it is important to remember how indebted we are to those former Confederate soldiers, sailors and officials who served the people of the United States honorably following the War.

Date: Oct. 14, 2017
This is a partial list of positions held by former Confederates after the Civil War.

A Confederate veteran, Lt. Edward Douglass White of the 9th Louisiana Cavalry, became Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court after the Civil War.  

Two United States Supreme Court associate justices were former Confederate soldiers; Col. Lucius Q. C. Lamar of the 19th Mississippi Infantry, and Sergeant Major Horace H. Lurton of the 3rd Kentucky Cavalry. Another associate justice, Howell E. Jackson, was a former Confederate government official.

Two former Confederates, Maj. Amos T. Akerman and Confederate Senator from Arkansas Augustus H. Garland, served as United States Attorneys General.

Former Confederate officer Col. James D. Porter was appointed United States Assistant Secretary of State in 1885.

A United States Solicitor General was Confederate cavalryman John Goode of Virginia.

Prior to becoming a Supreme Court justice, Lucius Q.C. Lamar served as United States Secretary of the Interior.

Former Confederate Col. David M. Key served as United States Postmaster General.

President Theodore Roosevelt appointed former Confederate Joseph Clay Stiles Blackburn as Governor of the Panama Canal Zone.

A former Confederate soldier, Benjamin Morgan Harrod, was the United States Representative on the Panama Canal Commission.

A former Confederate, Col. Hilary A. Herbert of the 8th Alabama Infantry, became United States Secretary of the Navy.

A Confederate veteran named Patrick Henry Morgan was appointed as a district Superintendent of the United States Coast Guard.

Confederate veterans served as United States Ambassadors, Envoys, Consuls, and Ministers to Turkey (Ottoman Empire:) Brazil; Russia; Sweden-Norway; Uruguay; Costa Rica; Guatemala; Mexico; Honduras; Havana, Cuba; Bolivia; Hong Kong; Jerusalem; France; Peru; Dominican Republic; Bermuda; Japan; China; Tampico, Mexico; Ecuador; Chile, Austria-Hungary; Naples, Italy; Panama; Martinique; Venezuela; Vancouver, Canada; Colombia; Greece; Romania; Serbia, and Spain. A former Confederate, Lt. Col. Paul Francis de Gournay, was a citizen of France and became a French Consul to the United States after the Civil War, and another Confederate, Jose Agustin Quintero of Louisiana, became Consul for Belgium and Costa Rica in New Orleans.
Numerous United States Senators and members of the United States House of Representatives were Confederate veterans, including one Senate Majority Leader, Thomas Staples Martin, who co-drafted the United States Declaration of War against Germany in 1917. A former Confederate, William A. Harris, was elected United States Senator and to the U.S. House of Representatives from the strongly pro-Union state of Kansas.

Four Confederate generals served as generals in the United States Army and served in the Spanish-American War; Thomas Rosser, Matthew Butler, Joseph Wheeler, and Fitzhugh Lee. Other former Confederates were appointed Generals of Volunteers during the Spanish-American War but their units were not deployed.

Numerous former Confederates fought for the United States Army and Navy, and at least one former Confederate soldier who volunteered, Lt. Col. William Crawford Smith of Tennessee, died in combat during the Philippine Insurrection.

Dozens of Confederates served as governors of the eleven seceded Southern states after the war, but also governed the non-Confederate states/territories of Kentucky, Missouri, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Arizona, Colorado, and Alaska.   

Confederate veterans were elected mayors of numerous cities and towns, including the Northern cities of Los Angeles CA, Ogden UT, and Minneapolis MN.

Former Confederate Brigadier General John Stuart Williams was co-founder of the City of Naples, Florida.

An Adjutant General of Montana was former Confederate soldier, Charles William Turner.
Former Confederate Samuel Davis Shannon served as Secretary of State of Utah.
Native-American Confederate Col. Jackson F. McCurtain became Chief of the Choctaw Nation after the war.

Former Confederates became presidents of the American Bar Association, American Medical Association, American Chemical Society, American Society of Chemical Engineers, American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Psychiatric Association, and the American Philological Association (dedicated to the study of classical literature, linguistics, history, philosophy, and cultural studies.)

Former Confederate soldiers founded or co-founded approximately 20 colleges, universities, and post-graduate schools, including Mississippi State University, Texas Christian University, Southwestern University (Texas,) Coker College (South Carolina,) North Carolina State University, Millsaps College (Mississippi,) Averett College (Virginia,) East Carolina University, Blue Mountain College (Mississippi,) Clemson University, Agnes Scott Women’s College (Georgia,) the historically  black colleges, University of Arkansas-Pine Bluff, Prairie View A&M University, Alcorn State University,  and predominately black Meharry Medical School in Nashville. Former Confederates founded several postgraduate schools including the Tulane University Medical School, the University of Arkansas Medical School, and the University of California Hastings School of Law, 
Confederate veterans were presidents of numerous universities, including the University of California-Berkeley, Tulane University, Louisiana State University, the University of Florida, North Carolina State University, the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, the University of Alabama, the University of Mississippi,  Mississippi State University, the University of Virginia, Virginia Tech, Virginia Military Institute, Bethel College (Clarksville, Tennessee,) the Citadel, the University of Maryland, Blue Mountain College (Mississippi,) Western Kentucky University, Shepherd College (West Virginia), Allegheny College (Pennsylvania,) the College of William and Mary, Washington and Lee University, Lander College (South Carolina,) Texas A&M University, the University of Arkansas, William Jewell College (Liberty, Missouri,) Jacksonville State University (Alabama,) Davidson College, and Randolph-Macon University. Former Confederates served on the governing boards of numerous colleges and universities, including the United States Military Academy (West Point,) and the United States Naval Academy.

A former Confederate Army surgeon in Gen. Benjamin F. Cheatham’s Corps, Dr. Augustus Breysacher, delivered baby Douglas McArthur on Jan. 26, 1880. MacArthur’s father was a Union Army colonel, severely wounded by Cheatham’s Corps at the Battle of Franklin, Tennessee on Nov. 30, 1864.

A former Confederate civilian surgeon in the 15th Alabama Infantry, Dr. Albert F. A. King, contracted to serve as a Union Army surgeon late in the war and treated Abraham Lincoln after he was mortally wounded by John Wilks Booth on April 14, 1865.

Over 100 former Confederate soldiers died in the line of duty while serving as law enforcement officers after the war.

Former Confederate Joseph LeConte was a co-founder of The Sierra Club.

A former Confederate engineer, Col. Samuel Lockett, designed the base of the Statue of Liberty in New York City, and another Confederate engineer, Sergeant Major Amory Coffin, designed the structural features of some of the late 19th and early 20th Century's most famous buildings, including Madison Square Garden, New York City; the Crocker Building, San Francisco; the Provident Life and Trust Company building, Philadelphia; the Prudential Life Insurance Building, New York City; City College of New York; the Wisconsin State Capital; and the steel superstructure of the New York Stock Exchange building.

Two Confederate veterans, Col. Ambrosio Jose Gonzales, and Maj. James Lide Coker were inducted into the South Carolina Business Hall of Fame in 1986. In the year 2000 ex-Confederate senator from Florida, David Levy Yulee, was named that year’s “Great Floridian” by the Florida Department of State. Another Confederate Floridian, Col. Francis Littlebury Dancy, was a postwar agronomist and named to the Florida Citrus Hall of Fame in 2013.

Former Confederates were major postwar philanthropists. Prominent among them was former Texas cavalryman George Washington Littlefield, who funded many facilities and programs at the University of Texas-Austin, and New York City native, Maj. Lewis Ginter, who founded the Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden in Richmond, Virginia, containing a Conservatory, Rose Garden, Children's Garden, Sunken Garden, Asian Garden, Victorian Garden, and Healing Garden. Ginter also donated the land for the campus of the Union Theological Seminary. Col. John Peter Smith of Ft. Worth, Texas donated land for parks, cemeteries, and hospitals, one of which still bears his name—John Peter Smith Hospital.

The most prominent of all Confederate philanthropists was Dr. Simon Baruch, a Jewish-Confederate surgeon from Charleston, South Carolina who served in the 13th Mississippi Infantry and 3rd South Carolina Infantry. After the Confederate retreat from Gettysburg, Baruch remained to treat wounded soldiers, after which he was imprisoned and exchanged. He returned to the 13th Mississippi and served for the remainder of the war. After the war Baruch practiced medicine in South Carolina, and volunteered his services for one year in the slums of New York City. Returning to South Carolina, he practiced medicine for 16 years, and in 1881 moved to New York City where he practiced medicine and became an outspoken proponent of public health and hygiene. Simon Baruch is the namesake of civil monuments, educational entities, and academic departments in New York City and throughout the country, many of which were established by his son Bernard M. Baruch, including several Simon Baruch Houses, a public housing complex in New York City, as well as buildings, halls, and academic chairs at Columbia University, Clemson University, the New York University College of Medicine, and the Medical College of Virginia/Virginia Commonwealth University. New York City Department of Education’s Middle School 104 is named Simon Baruch Middle School, along with an adjacent Simon Baruch Playground and Garden, under the auspices of the New York City Department of Parks. In 1940, the younger Baruch endowed in honor of his father, the Simon Baruch Auditorium building on the campus of the Medical University of South Carolina, and the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation at Virginia Commonwealth University.

And let’s not forget  if not for Rome, GA native John Pemberton, a Lt Col in the Confederate Army,  yankees would not be enjoying their favorite beverage on a hot day.

The good Colonel invented what is still the top selling soft drink in the world.....COCA COLA!


January 19, 2020 was the 213th birthday of Confederate General Robert E. Lee who was born in 1807 at Stratford, Westmoreland County, Virginia. He was the son of Revolutionary War hero “Light Horse” Harry Lee and Ann Carter Lee. Young Robert’s role model was George Washington.

Lee was a devout Christian and his greatness can best be judged by the positive statements made by Northerners who were his former enemies and later U.S. presidents and foreign dignitaries. He has always been considered the epitome of a Southern gentleman. In 1880, E. Benjamin Andrews, president of Brown University, and a former Union Veteran stated “Any father when asked who he would want his son to emulate would have to answer Robert E. Lee if he were wise..”

U.S. president Theodore Roosevelt considered Lee the greatest of the great captains that the English speaking people have brought forth. Franklin D. Roosevelt noted that Lee was not only a great General but one of the greatest American Christians. In a letter dated Aug. 9, 1960, President Dwight D. Eisenhower said that Lee was one of the supremely gifted men that America has produced and that a nation of men of Lee’s caliber would be unconquerable in spirit and soul and that modern day American youth should emulate his qualities.

British Army field Marshall G. Joseph Wolseley met Lee during the war. He stated “I judged Lee to be from a different mold and of finer and superior metal than other men.. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill said Lee was one of the noblest Americans ever. When the Confederate army went into Pennsylvania, Lee refused to commit atrocities in retaliation for what Yankees had done in the Southern states saying, “we only make war against armed men and not women and children”. After the war at a time when Lee desperately needed money a Northern insurance company offered him $50,000 for the use of his name. He declined saying, “my name and heritage is about all I have left and it is not for sale.”
Georgia war-era senator Benjamin Harvey Hill expressed a lasting Lee tribute. “He possessed every virtue of other great commanders without their vices. He was a foe without hate, a friend without treachery, a victor without oppression, and a victim without murmuring. He was a public officer without vices, a private citizen without reproach, a Christian without hypocrisy, and a man without guile. He was a Caesar without his ambition, Frederick without his tyranny, Napoleon without his selfishness, and Washington without his reward. He was obedient in authority as a servant and loyal in authority as a true King. He was as gentle as a woman in life, modest and pure as a virgin in thought, watchful as a Roman Vidal in duty, submissive to law as Socrates, and as grand in battle as Achilles.”
Lee opposed slavery and fought for Southern Independence from Northern tyranny, despotism, and dictatorship and to preserve the U.S. Constitution and Bill of Rights which were written by America’s founding fathers who were primarily Southern gentlemen from Virginia. After the failed 1848 Socialist revolution in Europe Karl Marx had sent about 2000 European Socialists to New York City. They had joined with American Socialists to form the Republican Party which was similar to the modern Socialist Democratic Party. The New York Tribune newspaper had published 487 of Marx’s articles including the Communist Manifesto. Lincoln was a member of this radical fanatical party. The federal government had been taken over by radicals, fanatics, zealots, and criminals and the South refused to voluntarily be ruled by this class of corrupt criminal Northern politicians and industrialists. Slavery was already a dying institution but Northern abolitionists demanded instant abolition as opposed to the gradual orderly emancipation that was already taking place. Sixty-eight of 117 Republicans signed a resolution advocating violence and terrorism against the South and this along with the upcoming Morrill tariff tax of 47 to 50 percent was forcing the South into a dependent colonial condition almost as abject as the Roman provinces 2000 years ago under their pro-councils. Altogether there were 10 causes of Southern secession. Contact me for an e-mail copy of my article “The 10 Causes of Southern Secession.”

James W. King Sons of Confederate Veterans (SCV) Camp Commander Albany Georgia

Friday, January 17, 2020


By Jeff Paulk                           

We read and hear much about the north’s opposition to slavery by the abolitionists and Radical Republicans of the 19th century.  Was it because of their high moral character and great love for the black race that they looked down their Puritan, blue-blooded, hypocritical noses at the south and condemned it for the institution of slavery which the north itself was largely responsible for?  After all, it was the New England Yankees who built the slave ships and grew very wealthy from the slave trade, and they did this while at the same time spewing out hateful, venomous, and false propaganda from their pulpits and in their newspapers against the south.  Let us take a closer look at just how these Yankees really felt about the plight of the black race, and the truth about how they were treated in the south.

Ever heard of the “Black Codes” for which the south must forever be shackled to the altar of repentance?  Well, the “Black Codes” originated in the north, not the south. Some states, such as Oregon, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois (the Land of Lincoln) refused to even allow blacks to enter them. They were subject to severe penalties if they did. Slavery didn’t end in the north because of the benevolence and high moral character of the northerners.  It didn’t do well in an industrial society, and many northerners refused to work alongside of blacks, unlike southerners.  Northerners, including Lincoln, disliked blacks and wanted them relocated out of the country.  “But, Lincoln was the Great Emancipator.  He loved the blacks and set them free.”   If you believe that fairy tale then the government indoctrination has been successful on you.  Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation freed not one solitary soul.  Read it.  As he stated, it was a war measure designed to cause a slave insurrection in the south (which did not happen) and to keep Europe from joining the fight on the side of the Confederacy. The Emancipation Proclamation was intended to project the false image that the north was taking the moral high ground and was prosecuting the war to free the slaves, even though there were over 429,000 slaves in the Union at this time. Tens of thousands of Union soldiers deserted upon learning of the Proclamation. They were fighting to “save the Union”, (actually, to subjugate the south) not free the slaves.

Lincoln stated that the best use of the western territories was for white people.  Nobody wanted blacks, free or slave, in the western territories. Lincoln was never in favor of giving blacks social or political equality with whites.  He was devising a plan to resettle blacks in other countries and move them out of the U.S.

America was not divided, as we have been taught, between those who thought slavery was wrong and those who thought it was right.  Northerners were not opposed to slavery in principle, but eliminating it could mean having free Negroes in their states and they did not want this.  Most southerners would have gladly been rid of the curse of slavery, but realized that a method of gradual emancipation would be best so that blacks could be educated and trained in various skills and trades, preparing them to enter society as free people.  In fact, many slaves were already being freed in the south and a lot of slave owners had it written in their wills that upon their death the slaves they owned would be freed.

Harvard professor and militant liberal activist, Charles Eliot Norton, supported the “free soil” movement in the west to “confine the Negro within the south”.  While the northern abolitionists said they thought slavery was wrong, they desired not association with blacks and shared racist attitudes with most other northerners. Ohio abolitionist and Senator Benjamin Wade, upon arriving in Washington in 1851 said, “It is a God forsaken N…..ridden place.”  He said, “The food was all cooked by a N….. until I can smell and taste the N…..”  Wade said he didn’t like blacks, but hated southerners more.  But it is the southerner who has been branded with the title “racist”.

Misconceptions of southern slavery as the brutal land of whips and chains, no doubt bolstered by the writing of “Uncle Tom’s Cabin”, can be easily disproven by “The Slave Narratives”, as well as the following excerpts from “A Southside View of Slavery” written in 1854 by a northerner, Nehemiah Adams, who paid an extended visit to the south to care for a sick relative.  On page 18 he says, “A better-looking, happier, more courteous set of people I had never seen than these colored men, women, and children whom I met the first few days of my stay in Savannah.  It had a singular effect on my spirits.  They all seemed glad to see me.”  On page 28 he says, “People habitually miserable could not have conducted the musical service of public worship as they did; their looks and manner gave agreeable testimony that, in spite of their condition, they had sources of enjoyment and ways of manifesting it which suggested to a spectator no thought of involuntary servitude.”  He says on page 32, “My previous images of slaves were destroyed by the sight of those women with dresses which would have been creditable to the population of any town at the north.”   On page 73, “Slaves are allowed to find masters and mistresses who will buy them.”  Page 151, “Are we afraid that the sight of the happy relation subsisting between masters and their slaves will make our people in love with the institution?”

This is not to deny that abuses occurred.  They most certainly did, but they were the exception, and not the rule.  Slaves were well cared for and in most cases had a close and loving relationship with their masters.

In Donald W. Livingston’s essay, “Why The War Was Not About Slavery”, we read on page 18 the following:

“The editor of the Milwaukee Sentinel said the two races could never live together in peace.  ‘Whether it is instinct, reason, or prejudice is scarcely profitable to discuss…It exists throughout the whole north and time seems to do little or nothing to modify it.’  An abolitionist said this about his fellow Midwesterners who supported Lincoln’s no slavery-in-the-west agitation.  They are more properly Negro-haters, who vote free-state to keep Negroes out, free or slave; one half of them would go for slavery if Negroes were to be allowed here at all.”

“The editor of the Chicago Times said “There is in the greatest masses of the people a natural and proper loathing of the Negro which forbids contact with him as with a leper.”
Senator Sherman of Ohio, brother of the Union general said that northerners were “opposed to having many Negroes among them”.

The anti-slavery talk in the north and west consisted of no moral intentions, but rather the political and economic interests of those in the north and west against those of the people in the south. The true accounts of our history have been suppressed more so than ignored.  Believing all that we have been taught in school and what we hear and see in the media and what is put out by Hollywood is not only a mistake, but it prevents us from learning the truth and keeps us buried in the dungeon of historical ignorance.  You can choose to remain in that dungeon, or free yourself by learning the historical truths which are so readily available.

Thursday, January 16, 2020

Southern Monuments: This Is Why!

This is why monuments to Southern Soldiers stand and why they are important. This was someone’s son, father, brother, nephew, friend, sweetheart… There was a mother who held this child when he was sick, when he was scared by the night. There was a mother who tenderly kissed his forehead, sang and rocked him to sleep. There was a father who watched him take his first steps on a dusty cabin floor. There was a grandfather who taught him to blacksmith or farm. There were brothers and sisters he played among and got in trouble with. There was a preacher who taught him to fear the Lord. There was a sweetheart who prayed every day for his safety and his eventual return home. There was a loving wife and children who stood and watched as he marched off to defend his homeland…all eyes filled with tears, he turned back to wave what would be a final goodbye. And there lies his bent and broken body, his life gone, on a faraway field. The living there know not his name. There are no loved ones there to give him a final farewell and a proper burial, not even a modest pine box. If he was lucky, he was likely cast into a shallow ditch with many others like him. Those who loved him will never know, their lifetime’s long, whatever became of him, where he fell, what his final moments might have been, the thoughts and words he might have had as his journey here ended. And then one day, years, decades later, that mother, father, the brothers and sisters, sweethearts and wives managed to scrape together enough money in a desolate wasteland to build him a monument, so that he might not be forgotten. This is why monuments to Southern Soldiers stand and why they are important.

Tony Rowe
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